How To Prevent Pneumonia For Baby

Maintain a current immunization schedule. A series of vaccines that protect against the bacterial form of pneumonia for baby should be administered to all children beginning at the age of 2 months. Even if they have an egg allergy, all children older than 6 months who have not yet received their yearly flu shot should get one.

Pneumonia is a lung infection for babies. It is usually caused by a virus or bacteria. These germs make the air sacs in the lungs fill with fluid (phlegm or mucous) (Picture 1). This makes it hard to breathe and causes your child to cough.

Pulmonary Medicine

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A mild case of bacterial pneumonia is often referred to as “walking pneumonia,” which is a term that is not used in the medical field. The child is not always sick enough to warrant staying at home. Even so, he or she is able to move about with only slight difficulty.

Infected people can spread the disease by exhaling fluid droplets that contain the germs into the air through their mouths, noses, or throats. The coughing of an infected person spreads germs into the surrounding air. Your child may inhale the germs or come into direct contact with the infected person’s saliva or mucous by touching something that has been contaminated with the germs. It is possible to contract pneumonia from a person even if they are unaware that they have the illness themselves. It is not possible to “catch” pneumonia by going outside without wearing a coat.

Pneumonia is most common in children during the winter months because that is when they spend the majority of their time indoors and in close proximity to other people. Children younger than 2 years old have the highest probability of developing pneumonia. When given the appropriate medical care, almost everyone makes a full recovery.

Signs and Symptoms
Fast, difficult breathingSevere, shaking chillsMuscle aches
CoughChest painsLoss of appetite
FeverTiredness, weaknessNausea or vomiting

Pneumonia caused by a virus is often less severe than when caused by bacteria. The symptoms usually start out like the flu. They slowly get worse over a few days.Fluid can fill the air sacs in the lung

Pneumonia caused by bacteria can come on suddenly with a high fever, fast breathing and coughing.

Both types of pneumonia can cause the child’s cough to last for weeks after the fever has stopped.


The health provider can usually diagnose pneumonia based on the time of year and the child’s symptoms by watching the child’s breathing and by listening to the lungs. To check for bacterial pneumonia, a chest X-ray, blood and other tests may be done.

Treatment of Pneumonia

Pneumonia caused by bacteria is treated with an antibiotic. Symptoms should improve within 12 to 36 hours after starting the medicine.

It is important to take the full course of antibiotic as prescribed. Stopping the medicine early may cause the infection to come back. It may also make the medicine not work as well for your child in the future.

Pneumonia caused by a virus cannot be treated with antibiotics. Viral pneumonia usually goes away on its own.

Things That You Can Do to Help Your Child at Home Are

  • Control the fever with the proper medicine and right strength for the age of your child. Fevers lower than 101° F do not need to be treated unless the child is uncomfortable (see Helping Hand HH-I-105).
  • Give your child plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.
  • See that your child gets lots of rest.
  • Do not give over-the-counter (OTC) cough medicines or other OTC medicines without asking the health provider first. The child needs to cough and bring up the phlegm. Coughing is the body’s way of clearing the infection from the lungs.
  • Avoid exposing your child to tobacco smoke or other irritants in the air.

Preventing Pneumonia

Teach your child good hand washing habits
  • Keep vaccinations up-to-date. All children, starting at 2 months, should begin a series of vaccines that prevents the bacterial type of pneumonia.
  • All children 6 months of age or older should get a flu vaccine yearly even if they have an egg allergy.
  • Teach children to cover their noses and mouths with facial tissue or a sleeve of their shirt when sneezing or Throw away tissues after use.
  • Teach and practice good hand washing (Picture 2).
  • Wash surfaces that are touched often (like toys, tables and doorknobs) with soap and water or wipe them down with a disinfectant.
  • Keep the home smoke free.

If your child has a weakened immune system or is at high risk because of a chronic condition of the lungs, heart, or kidneys, ask the child’s health provider if other vaccines are needed.

When to Call the Doctor

You should call your child’s doctor if your child:

  • Has trouble breathing or is breathing much faster than usual
  • Has a bluish or gray color to the fingernails or lips
  • Is older than 6 months and has a fever over 102°F
  • Is younger than 6 months and has a temperature over 100.4°F.
  • Has a fever for more than a few days after taking antibiotics

When your child should stay home and return to school or childcare

A Child Should Stay Home from School or Childcare If He

  • Has a fever over 100 °F.
  • Feels too ill or does not have the energy to take part in school or childcare activities.

A Child Can Return to School When He

  • Is fever-free for 24 hours
  • Has the energy to return to his regular routine
  • Eats and drinks well

It might take weeks for your child to get all his energy back. Some days will be better than others. Allow your child to resume activities gradually.

How Can I Treat Pneumonia In My Baby At Home?

Care at home

If your child has been diagnosed by a medical professional as having a mild case of pneumonia, you should be able to provide care for them at home. Your child is going to require a lot of sleep. In order to prevent your child from becoming dehydrated, it is essential to give them fluids on a regular basis. Give your baby just a few sips of water, but make sure to give them breast milk or formula more frequently.

.Danger Signs Of Pneumonia In Infants

Background. The prevention of deaths from pneumonia should be a primary focus of efforts to lower the mortality rate of children worldwide and particularly in Africa. To accomplish this, preventive measures such as increasing the number of people who are vaccinated are essential. However, once a child has been diagnosed with pneumonia, prompt treatment is essential to the child’s survival. The ability of mothers and other caregivers to recognize the symptoms and danger signs of pneumonia is essential to the child’s survival. Methods. In the community-based cross-sectional research carried out in Enugu state, a total of 466 caregivers volunteered their participation. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of knowledge held by caregivers regarding the warning signs of pneumonia, as well as the sociodemographic factors that influence knowledge and the behaviour of caregivers in seeking care. Results. Caregivers have a limited understanding of the factors that can cause pneumonia and the symptoms that can indicate its presence. Knowledge of the aetiology, danger signs, and vaccination of children against pneumonia was significantly associated with a higher maternal educational attainment as well as residence in a semiurban area. Fever was the most commonly perceived danger sign among caregivers, whereas rapid breathing and trouble breathing were the most commonly known and experienced danger signs recognized by the WHO. Conclusion. There is a lack of awareness among caregivers regarding the warning signs and behaviour associated with seeking medical attention. There is a critical need for increased public and hospital-based interventions directed specifically at mothers to improve the level of knowledge they have regarding pneumonia.

Pneumonia (PDF)

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