Cover For Baby Grand Piano

here is a guide to the different piano types—the tall ones, the skinny ones, the short ones, and the fat ones. Oh, and the electric ones too. You might even use this as a “piano buying guide,” since we’ve compiled a good bit of pricing info to help you out.

Bon Voyage!

Piano Types: The Grand Piano

piano strings

Without dipping into the history too much, here’s the gist: the grand piano, as we know it, appeared on the scene around the year 1700, courtesy of Cristofori. Since then, we have seen a number of variations and changes, and you can basically take your pick regarding size and capabilities.

Believe it or not, the term “grand” didn’t always apply exclusively to horizontal pianos—it simply referred to the length of the strings. Over time, though, Grand Pianos have become entirely horizontal, and upright pianos are never referred to as “grand.”

Because we musicians like to box huge ranges of subject matter into neat little boxes, we’ve organized the variations of the Grand Piano into three general categories: Concert Grand, Parlor Grand, and Baby Grand categories.

Concert Grand

With a typical length ranging from 7-10 ft, the Concert Grand piano is the largest of the bunch. It’s the piano you see in Carnegie Hall, university concert stages, and most professional venues around the world. While a bigger type of piano doesn’t necessarily mean a better one (we’ve all played on a concert grand that is untamable or simply too loud) concert grands have the largest and most resonant sound of the piano family. That’s why a concert hall or large room will need a concert grand.

The concert grand has longer strings than other pianos, and that extra length and stiffness (plus a significantly lower inharmonicity) is what gives the concert grand its superior sound.

 Concert Grand Piano Prices

For obvious reasons, these pianos sit at the top of the monetary food chain. We found a used “Victor Borge” Pedigree Bosendorfer Model 275 concert grand piano for under $50,000, but these types of pianos would probably retail between $130,000 and $170,000. The manufacturer’s price sits at $210,000.

A Steinway and Sons Model D concert grand will run you close to $150,000, and if you have $175,000 to burn, you can own a brand new 9 ft. concert grand from Yamaha.

steinway model D grand piano
Steinway Model D-274

Safe to say that depending on the size concert grand you want, you’ll spend between $120,000 and $200,000 for a new piano. If price is no object, you can spend significantly more (check out the Bosendorfer Porsche model for a truly transcendent retail price!). If cost matters, then ask your local retailer for used options. There are many!

Parlor Grand

The “Parlor Grand” is the middle ground of grand pianos, and we would typically refer to these simply as a “grand.” They come between six and seven feet, so they are suitable for large rooms in a home, moderate rehearsal spaces, and even a recital hall that isn’t too big.

A well-made grand piano features the wonderful combination of a resonant sound (albeit not quite as large a sound as the concert grand), a large-but-not-overwhelming size, and a degree of playability that some concert grands lack. In other words, the moderately sized grands capture many of the benefits of the concert grand, but they are easier to play than the huge pianos. Touch, tone, and dynamic range are easier to control on a 6-7 ft. piano.

How much does a grand piano cost?

Regardless of the piano types, you have to take the manufacturer price with a grain of salt; they set the price at a certain threshold so that individual retailers can maneuver below. In this instance, you would find that the manufacturer price for a Steinway Model B is set around $95,000. Depending on the retailer, you may be able to purchase that same piano for significantly less.

If you’d like a snapshot to give you a brief overview, here’s a quick brand break-down of five popular brands and the average price for a new 6-7 foot grand.

BrandGeneral Range for 6-7’ Grand
Statistics Compiled From Blue Book of Pianos

Piano Types: The Baby Grand

Towards the end of the 19th century Americans trended towards a greater appreciation of music, and they invested in learning to play and in musical instruments. The invention of the phonograph towards the end of the 19th century certainly helped—now more households could listen to music than at any other time in history—and the American population enjoyed more wealth than in previous eras.

piano types baby grand
Baby Grand Piano

Concert Grands and Parlor Grands were too large for the average household, though, and as you might imagine, even a wealthy individual would think twice before handing over that amount of money for a musical instrument. Thus demand for the “Baby Grand” piano was high in the United States

With the other different piano types either too large or too expensive for regular folks in need of an instrument, Hugo Sohmer invented the Baby Grand in 1884 (Hugo Sohmer was the founder of Sohmer and Co.). This 5-6 ft. version of the grand piano, with a smaller but still mellow sound, has been a popular addition to the piano lineup ever since.

Baby Grand Price Range

If you want a Steinway baby grand, you’ll have to part with at least $50,000. Certain models (namely the Macassar ebony finish) range all the way up to $99,000. Baldwin baby grands are wonderful pianos in their own right and range from $22,000-$35,000, and Yamaha, with an entry level offering at $34,000, is a reliable choice as well. We understand the urge to check used listings, but don’t forget that pianos depreciate slowly (a good thing if you own one). If you look for a used one, don’t be alarmed by the fact that the price isn’t too much lower!

Upright Piano

piano types upright piano
Upright Piano

If you’re a music student at a university, or you had a music teacher in elementary school or high school, you probably know all about the upright piano. The vertical string alignment makes an upright piano much more compact than a grand, and the sound of the instrument doesn’t even have to suffer all that much—although upright pianos have a higher likelihood of producing a “twangy” sound. Bar room piano, anyone?

An upright piano that approaches 50 inches in height will often be referred to as a “professional” upright piano. Some professional uprights even have the same string length as a grand, and therefore their sound is relatively similar to that of a grand’s.

You’ve probably used a “studio upright” in a practice or warm-up room somewhere—they start at 43”. If you need something smaller, the “console uprights” will be less than 43” tall.

The “Spinet” is next in line for upright types of pianos, but you won’t see many of them: they aren’t made anymore. In all honesty, it’s just not a good option for anybody, unless you’re looking for a nice piece of furniture. The one benefit of this type of piano is its size, since it reaches between 36 and 40 inches high and only 57.5 inches wide. Some people may argue that it’s a good beginning instrument because the price won’t put you in a financial hole, and that’s true. Unfortunately, you get what you pay for. And low price, in this case, does mean low quality, which is why they were invented – to provide an affordable acoustic piano type. The “drop action” style is very different from that of a grand piano, and it doesn’t yield the same dynamic control.

Upright Piano Prices

Yamaha and Steinway are two of the most popular upright brands (as they are for many other pianos too), but they are popular for different reasons. You can find a Yamaha upright piano for around $4,500 (they go up to about $19,000), and entry-level Steinway uprights start at $25,600. Baldwin uprights play reliably and hover around $9,000—for more prices, check out the Piano Blue Book.

Electric Piano

Many parents like to start beginners on an electric piano for a simple reason: electric keyboards are cheaper. Fortunately, that doesn’t mean they have to feel and sound “fake.” Many brands have produced electric keyboards that mimic the sound and feel of real pianos, and even advanced piano players can enjoy electric pianos now, thanks to improvement in the technology.

electric piano on stand
Electric Piano

If you are looking at electric pianos, consider two main factors: number of keys and action. If you perform in popular genres, several other factors will be important to you as well.

Number of keys is especially important for young pianists, because it is during the formative years that a pianist will become familiar with the distance, feel, and “topography” of the keyboard. A student who learns on a small keyboard may not adjust well to having all 88 keys in front of him when he uses his first full size keyboard, and he might get used to using only the middle 2-3 octaves of the piano. That habit is hard to break!

The action of the keys refers to the way the key feels when you press it down. Many modern electric pianos even imitate the slight “hitch” one feels when the hammer first contacts the string on a grand piano—the closer an electric keyboard feels to a grand piano, the better. Pianists who don’t experience the feel of a genuine piano may have difficulty in playing the full dynamic range of the piano, and they may not develop proper finger strength in the first couple of years.

Curious minds might appreciate one of Yamaha’s cool new inventions—a “hybrid” piano that features grand piano sound, style, and feel, but produces the sound electronically. Even the New York Times wrote about one of these electric pianos.

Electric Piano Price Guide

One great source for finding electric piano prices is You can easily choose from features such as the finish color, string resonance, and number of voices (ranging from 8 to about 250), and you are likely to see a range from $500 to roughly $20,000. As the prices go up, you can assume that the sound and key action will improve.

Different Piano Types: In Conclusion

In short, you get what you pay for with pianos—but, as in the case of Steinway and Sons, you may end up paying substantially more for a brand name. If you can afford a Steinway, you should definitely go for it, but if not, “lesser brands” like Mason & Hamlin, Baldwin, and Yamaha make some magnificent instruments too. One of my favorite pianos of all time was a Yamaha, in fact.

When it comes to electric piano types, don’t forget that key action, sound, and number of keys will heavily influence your child’s development as a pianist, so don’t short-change them on the instrument they use. If you are an older amateur who just wants to have some fun, there are many portable keyboard models out there that won’t cost an arm and a leg.

grand piano in white room isolated

And lastly, remember that the suggested retail prices you find from manufacturers of all piano types are ridiculously high. Vendors almost always sell for a substantially lower price!

Protective Cover For Baby Grand Piano

Price is for 4’6″ to 4’8″ baby grands cover, quilted
Other sizes and materials available, please choose from drop down menu or order custom size, Size choices will effect pricing. Custom sizes also available. See instructions

Note: For custom covers sizes you must fill in the exact dimensions as shown in the instructions below the cover pictures, and mail the template to us.
Keep in mind if your piano is a grand style and one of the major brands, the brand/model/ and size (overall length for a grand) will likely be enough to get a proper cover.

Price will be based on the nearest size (please choose nearest size from drop-down menu). These quilted covers are manufactured of high quality nylon with a soft, snag-proof poly propylene backing to provide soft contact with the instrument finish. They provide economical dust and scratch protection.Quilted covers are available in black only.

See Cover Descriptions below Mackintosh picture

Mackintosh covers are manufactured of cotton drill cloth laminated to a flannel underside for soft contact with instrument finish. They are available in Black or Dark Brown. See Mackintosh picture below

Grand Piano Mackintosh Cover

Vinyl Covers for Grand Pianos

The vinyl product is waterproof, as told us by the manufacturer.  A vinyl cover as a whole is not necessarily waterproof, because at the seams, water may permeate.  This is unlikely because our supplier uses bias tape on the seams, but we're hesitant to call it a waterproof product in total.

How To Measure Your Piano For a Cover

Covers can be made to fit specific instruments when exact measurements are furnished. Make a sketch and provide the dimensions shown. For exact covers for grand pianos, join up paper and trace a pattern around the entire top of grand ( extreme outside dimensions). Also trace a pattern of cheek from under top to bottom of cheek.

Keep in mind, if your piano is one of the major brands the brand, model (if known) and overall length (overall length for a grand, height for an upright/vertical piano) is typically enough.

Grand Piano Cover Measurements

A = Cheek Area, B = Width (overall),  C = Length (overall), D = Depth (top to bottom of cabinet not counting legs), E = Length of Lid

Cover For Yamaha Baby Grand Piano

You’ve made the decision to buy a piano, and you’re eagerly anticipating the many hours of musical pleasure it will bring you and your family. But pianos come in so many different sizes and shapes, it can be difficult to know which is the best one to purchase.

Of course, you want your new instrument to sound great and look great. But first and foremost is the size consideration: after all, the piano has to physically fit in the allocated space. What’s more, the size of the room — along with the placement of the piano in it and other factors — will have an impact on sound quality.

Fortunately, there are some easy guidelines to follow that will help you determine the best piano for your space, whether you live in a cozy apartment or an opulent home. Let’s dig in!


As described in a previous blog posting, there are two basic types of pianos: grands and uprights. The most obvious difference is size (grand pianos are larger), but they also have different characteristic shapes due to the positioning of their soundboards, across which are stretched the strings. Because the soundboards of grand pianos are mounted horizontally, those instruments have a bigger “footprint” and a sleeker profile than uprights, which can look a little boxy by comparison.

Grand pianos are usually the choice of professional musicians in that they offer a richer, more dynamic sound than uprights, though there are exceptions, such as Yamaha YUS Series uprights, which offer a broad range of sonic tonalities more reminiscent of a grand piano. But uprights take up much less space and tend to be considerably less expensive than grand pianos, making them a favorite of music students and a staple of schools and conservatories all over the world.


Grand pianos vary in size from “Baby grand” models that can be as little as 4 1/2 feet in length, all the way up to “Concert grand” models, which can be 9 feet in length or more. (Note that grand piano length is measured from the key slip — the piece of wood in front of the keys on the keyboard — to the very end of the lid.)

Upright sizes range from small “Spinet” models (popular decades ago but rarely made today) to larger “Console” and “Studio” models that vary in height, up to 52″ or so. Interestingly, almost all pianos — both grands and uprights — are approximately 5 feet wide. This is due to the fact that they all provide a standard 88-note keyboard.

Yamaha offers a wide variety of grand pianos, from GB1K and GC Series baby grands (with 5′, 5′ 3″ and 5′ 8″ models) to the CX Series and SX Series (with lengths from 5′ 3″ to 7′ 6″) to the internationally renowned CF Series of concert grands (which range in length from 6′ 3″ all the way up to a full 9′).

Yamaha upright pianos range from compact, entry-level P22 and b Series instruments to the U Series — the world’s most popular upright — to the aforementioned flagship YUS Series. The height of these pianos varies from 45″ to 52″, and their depth varies from a mere 21″ to 26″. This last dimension is particularly important since, as we’ll see, upright pianos are designed to be placed up against walls.


Needless to say, room size is a major determinant in deciding which piano is right for you: The larger the room, the larger the piano it can accommodate — and, in general, you should purchase the largest piano that your room will comfortably allow. Seems simple enough, but it turns out there’s a lot more to it.

For one thing, the increased surface area of the soundboard and the greater length of the strings in larger pianos translates to more vibrational energy, which increases projection — in other words, larger grand pianos can sound a lot louder than smaller ones. That said, most non-professional pianists don’t play with the velocity required to make larger pianos project to their highest potential, so it’s unlikely you’ll be filling a large room with sound when playing leisurely. (Interestingly, larger grand pianos can also be played more softly than smaller ones. This is due to the longer key length, which supports better physical control over hammer velocity. That’s why a concert grand piano is easier to play at lower volumes than a baby grand.)

You’ll also need to factor in whether or not other people in the room (or in adjoining rooms) will be disturbed when you’re playing. This leads to the issue of room treatments: If there’s lots of soft furniture in the room (such as sofas or easy chairs), carpeting on the floor and/or drapes or curtains on the walls or windows, the piano will be a lot quieter (and the sound will travel a much shorter distance) than if the room has a hardwood floor with little furniture, drapes or curtains to absorb the sound. A grand piano might be overbearing in a room like that, whereas an upright would probably sound fine.

That said, there’s no ignoring the fact that grand pianos often have a more pleasing aesthetic than uprights. If you’re set on buying a grand rather than an upright, and your room has the space to accommodate it, that’s fine, but you’ll probably be better off with a baby grand, or one of the smaller full-size grands, as opposed to a larger model.

Here’s why: The physics of sound propagation leads to the rule of thumb that, for optimum sonics, the total length of the walls of the room should be at least ten times bigger than the length of the piano. A 9-foot concert grand piano, for example, should ideally be placed in a room that has 90 feet or more of total wall length … and few living spaces meet that criteria!

A very large grand piano is therefore usually not a good choice for a typical living room. That’s one reason why these instruments are called “concert” grands — they’re really designed for the concert hall. Their sound doesn’t fully propagate for many feet, so someone standing nearby (or someone seated at the piano, playing) will not hear the instrument at its best, whereas an audience member in the tenth row of a large venue would. This is true regardless of how well made the instrument is, and even if the room is equipped with all the necessary materials to absorb sound.

Tip: It can be helpful to get a large piece of drawing paper and trace an outline on it of the dimensions of the piano you’re considering purchasing. (Dimensions like the ones shown below are readily available from the manufacturer or dealer.) Be sure to add an extra 2 feet to the depth of the outline to allow for when the bench is pulled out while you’re playing.


As mentioned previously, upright pianos are designed to be placed against a wall. This positioning not only yields optimum sound, it also gives you the best use of available space, particularly in small rooms. (There’s an aesthetic consideration too, in that the backs of upright pianos are rarely finished.)

Grand pianos, on the other hand, sound best when they’re out in the middle of a room, or placed at a 45-degree angle in a corner of the room. However you position it, you’ll want to ensure that the pianist — especially if it’s you! — will be able to see the rest of the room (or perhaps even out a window) instead of having to face the wall.

It’s also important to protect your piano from any sudden climate changes that can harm the instrument. For example, you should never place a piano under direct sunlight. While having it near a window may look aesthetically pleasing, the heat of the sun could easily damage it. Similarly, it should not be placed near air vents, as any temperature changes will affect the instrument.


If you have your heart set on owning a grand piano but your available space only allows for an upright (or if you already own a grand but are downsizing to a smaller space), there’s an easy solution: Consider purchasing a digital piano instead. Not only do many digital pianos offer the sound of a grand (in addition to many other kinds of instrument sounds — a feat of technological wizardry that not even the finest acoustic piano can provide), they also take up much less space than even an upright. They also allow you to practice silently by simply plugging in a set of headphones, and are much easier to maintain than acoustic pianos — for one thing, you never have to tune them!

Yamaha offers many different digital pianos, from portable models to beautifully crafted ARIUS YDP Series instruments to the full-featured Clavinova line, available in both upright and grand piano cabinets. Many include digital samples of the revered Yamaha CFX and Bösendorfer Imperial concert grand pianos found on the finest concert stages the world over.

Piano in a living room.
Yamaha Clavinova.

And then there are hybrid instruments like Yamaha SILENT Pianos™ and the TransAcoustic TA2. These have the genuine sound and feel of an acoustic piano … but they also allow you to decrease volume or even mute the sound altogether, making them capable of fitting into anyone’s lifestyle.

Whichever type of piano you end up purchasing — grand, upright or digital — you’re sure to enjoy many happy hours of making music. Time to start measuring!

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