Cpr For Infant

CPR is a lifesaving technique that you can use on an infant. It is a series of steps that can help people who are having a heart attack, drowning or choking. It’s important to remember the ABCs of CPR (Airway, Breathing, Circulation).

remove obstruction from airway

  • If the obstruction is visible, you can remove it with your finger.
  • If there’s no obstruction, but the infant is not breathing, use a suction device to remove any mucus from the mouth and nose.


  • Check for breathing. If there is no apparent breathing, begin rescue breathing.
  • Check for a heartbeat. If there is no detectable heartbeat, begin CPR with chest compressions until help arrives or an automated external defibrillator (AED) is available.


Infant CPR is for babies who are less than 1 year old and have not reached their first birthday.

Infant CPR is different from adult CPR in several ways:

  • The infant’s airway may be smaller than an adult’s, so you will use a different technique to help them breathe.
  • The infant doesn’t need chest compressions because they don’t have strong enough hearts yet. Instead, perform rescue breaths on them until more help arrives or the infant starts crying and breathing again on its own.#ENDWRITE


CPR is a lifesaving technique that can temporarily keep blood flowing to the brain and other vital organs in the body.

The order of CPR steps is important: compressions, two breaths and then continue with compressions. Don’t forget to give 30 chest compressions before giving two rescue breaths, which are artificial inflations of the lungs. This will help ensure your efforts are effective! How often do you need to do this? Every minute if possible during an emergency situation; otherwise every five minutes is advised until qualified help arrives at the scene.

infant cpr

  • First, check to see if the infant is breathing.
  • If the infant isn’t breathing and has no pulse, start CPR.
  • Begin chest compressions by placing two fingers at the center of the chest, between the nipples. Push down about 2 inches (5 cm) and release. Repeat this at a rate of about 100 times per minute until help arrives or for two minutes total if you’re alone with the baby. Check for a pulse during every 30 compressions. If you don’t find a pulse after 30 compressions, begin giving rescue breaths: cover your mouth with yours and breathe into their nose while pumping their chest 10 times (about one second per pump).

baby cpr

You should start with infant CPR if your baby is not breathing or has no pulse.

  • Check for breathing: If the baby is lying on their back, gently turn them on their side. Look under the tongue and around the mouth to see if you can see or feel any air coming out of the mouth. If there is no air movement, tap firmly on the back between shoulder blades in a rhythmic way at a rate of about 100 times per minute (about 2 taps per second). If this doesn’t work call 911 immediately and begin chest compressions below.
  • Check for pulse: Place two fingers on the femoral artery that’s located beneath baby’s belly button; this area will feel like a bumpy bone when you run your finger over it – don’t press too hard! You can also check for a pulse at other locations such as under an arm or behind an earlobe; just make sure that whatever method you’re using feels comfortable enough so that it won’t cause further injury while still being able to detect any sign of life within your child’s body before beginning CPR procedures safely!

do cpr on infant

When you find a baby who isn’t breathing or has no pulse or heartbeat, you should call 9-1-1 immediately and then begin CPR. Call 9-1-1 if the infant is having trouble breathing, coughing or choking, has difficulty swallowing (if any), has blue lips and/or tongue, has no response when touched or squeezed on the shoulder blades (this is to check for responsiveness), or if there are any other signs of distress. The first step in performing CPR on an infant is checking for an open airway by tilting their head back slightly and lifting up chin with one hand while using your other hand to keep their mouth open. If there is still not enough room in their mouth after doing this then try tilting the head back farther until it’s at almost 45 degrees from horizontal before putting hands over baby’s nose and mouth so that only nostrils remain uncovered by fingers.

CPR for your baby is such an important skill to know. Time is very important when we have an unconscious little one, damage begins after only a few minutes without oxygen. Knowing how to react and what to do can save a little one’s life. Early interventions, such as CPR, can significantly increase a little one’s chance of survival.
Of course, we hope these things never happen to us and that we are never faced with an emergency like this, but the reality is these things do happen and no one is immune.

Preparing for CPR

You would always want to make sure that your little one is on a firm flat surface and that you have removed their top so you can see the chest to landmark properly. The steps below are for baby CPR so that would be a little one from newborn up to 12 months of age.


  1. Is the environment safe?
    1. First thing you need to do is make sure the environment is safe for you to approach.  If the environment is not safe, you would want to call for help and wait for them to arrive.
  2.  Check for responsiveness
    1. Do not spend any more than 10 seconds here.
    2. You can say “are you okay” and tap their toes looking for a response.
    3. You want to look, listen and feel.
      1. You are LOOKING at the little one’s appearance.  Little ones in need of help are not moving and their colour is off, usually blue.  You are also looking to see if their chest is rising signalling breathing.
      2. You are LISTENING to see if you hear any signs of breathing.
      3. You are FEELING for breath against your cheek as you look for signs of the chest rising.  You are also FEELING for a pulse.  Best place to feel for a pulse with a baby is a brachial pulse.
    4. Baby is unresponsive if they are not responding to your stimulation and/or they have no or no normal pulse and no or no normal breathing.
    5. The best thing here is to go with your gut instinct and not to second guess yourself.  If you think the baby needs help then move on with getting them help.
  3.  Call for help
    1. The ideal situation would be is if you had someone with you and they could call or go get help while you got CPR started.

To administer a breath of air you would want to tilt babies head back slightly and cover your babies nose and mouth with your mouth. Give a little puff of air, over about 2 seconds, just enough air in to see their chest rise appropriately.

What about Choking?

For a conscious choking baby, you would do a combination of back blows and chest compressions. If a baby that is choking goes unconscious then we do baby CPR with the exception of looking in their mouth for the object after the compressions before we give the breaths.

check for open airway

In order to assess whether or not your baby’s airway is open, you need to check that his mouth and nose are clear: if there’s an obstruction in his airway, use the thumb-forefinger scooping method to remove it. If he is choking on something, remove whatever is obstructing him. You also need to check that your baby is breathing—if he isn’t breathing and/or choking on something, then start CPR immediately!

check baby is not breathing

  • Check for breathing. If there is no breathing or the breathing is not normal, begin CPR immediately.
  • If you are with a baby who has no pulse and is not breathing, start CPR.

check pulse or heart beat on baby if no breathing or heart beat then begin cpr

  • Check pulse or heart beat on baby. If no breathing or heart beat then begin CPR.
  • Check for open airway, clear any obstructions from mouth.
  • Check baby is not breathing and start CPR immediately by performing 30 compressions to the chest at a rate of 100 per minute, followed by 2 breaths into the lungs for every 30 compressions until help arrives


While it is always best to call 911, knowing how to do CPR on an infant can be a lifesaver. In the case where you are alone with the child and unable to reach help quickly enough, performing chest compressions on your own child could save their life.

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