Early Pregnancy Care Tips

Pregnancy is an exciting time for a woman. It is important that you take proper care during your early pregnancy so as to keep yourself healthy and fit throughout the entire pregnancy. You need to follow good hygiene practices and maintain a healthy lifestyle to ensure that you stay fit throughout the nine months of your pregnancy. If you want to ensure a healthy pregnancy, here are some tips that can help you:

As a pregnant woman, it is important to take care of your health.

As a pregnant woman, it is important to take care of your health. This means exercising regularly, eating healthy meals, getting enough sleep and avoiding dangerous substances such as tobacco, alcohol and illegal drugs. You can also help yourself by avoiding caffeine and other drugs or chemicals that might harm the unborn baby.

Caffeine is known to have negative effects on an unborn baby’s development. Many women consume at least one cup of coffee every day during early pregnancy without knowing that this could cause miscarriage or stillbirth in their babies. This can be prevented if the mother does not drink any caffeine during her pregnancy because this will help prevent many problems later on (such as low birth weight).

You need to follow an exercise routine that can help you keep in control of your body weight, keep you active and help you recover from pregnancy.

Early Pregnancy Care Tips

  • You need to follow an exercise routine that can help you keep in control of your body weight, keep you active and help you recover from pregnancy.
  • You should be doing at least three times a week for about 30 minutes each time and at a moderate pace.

You need to eat healthy, nutritious food so as to get adequate energy and nutrients that are vital for the growth of your baby.

You need to eat healthy, nutritious food so as to get adequate energy and nutrients that are vital for the growth of your baby.

A balanced diet is the key to good health. It’s important to eat a variety of foods. Eat fruits and vegetables every day. These are rich in vitamins, minerals, fiber and other nutrients that are vital for a healthy pregnancy.

Protein-rich foods such as lean meat (chicken/fish), beans, dairy products can help you meet your protein requirements during early pregnancy care tips . Whole grains like brown rice provide complex carbohydrates which supply long lasting energy needed by both you and your baby during pregnancy care tips . Healthy fats like olive oil can also be included in your daily diet plan during early pregnancy care tips .

Foods rich in essential nutrients include spinach (mangoes), kiwis and avocados which contain folic acid which helps prevent birth defects such as spina bifida

Foods low in fat include skimmed milk or soy milk with whole grain cereals or sandwiches made from 100% whole wheat breads

Prenatal care will help you deal with the physical and emotional changes during pregnancy.

Prenatal care is a medical service that helps you deal with the physical and emotional changes during pregnancy. It involves regular visits to a doctor, midwife, nurse or nutritionist. During each visit, you will be examined and tests may be done to check your physical condition and the baby’s health.

  • A good doctor will listen to you carefully, explain things very clearly and give honest answers. He or she should not rush through appointments and will encourage ongoing dialogue between him/herself and the patient in question.
  • A good clinic will provide services from an integrated team of health professionals including midwives as well as physicians who specialize in obstetrics (obstetricians). Other specialties such as gynecology (gyneocolegists), neonatology (neonatal) or pediatrics may also be included within this group depending on what types of problems might arise during pregnancy for both mother-to-be as well as her unborn child(ren).
  • A good midwife usually works closely with women who are pregnant but prefer alternative approaches such as home births rather than having their babies delivered at hospitals where there may be more distractions from other patients who need care too.”

You need to practice proper hygiene by washing your hands before eating or touching food.

  • You need to practice proper hygiene by washing your hands before eating or touching food.
  • Keep your hands away from your mouth, nose and eyes.
  • Wash your hands after using the bathroom.
  • Wash your hands after touching pets and animals.
  • Wash your hands after touching garbage if you go outside without covering yourself with a mask or headgear first (like a hat).

You must avoid foods like fish, cheese and soft meat that contain toxins.

You must avoid foods like fish, cheese and soft meat that contain toxins. These include:

  • Raw or undercooked eggs
  • Raw or undercooked meats (such as chicken, pork and beef)
  • Fish high in mercury, such as swordfish and shark

When you’re pregnant, your immune system is less likely to recognize a harmful substance and can attack your baby’s cells by mistake. This means that eating these foods while pregnant could increase the risk of miscarriage or premature birth. It could also cause problems for your child in later life if they have an allergy to these particular food groups.

You need to avoid exposure to toxins such as tobacco smoke and alcohol while you are pregnant.

  • You should avoid exposure to toxins such as tobacco smoke and alcohol while you are pregnant.
  • Toxic substances that can harm your baby include:
  • nicotine, which is found in cigarettes, cigars and chewing tobacco;
  • carbon monoxide, found in car exhaust fumes;
  • lead, found in some paint; dust from old buildings or toys made before 1978; well water (water from a private well); canned foods with a lot of BPA (Bisphenol A).

You must avoid alcohol and tobacco products during the first trimester of your pregnancy.

You must avoid alcohol and tobacco products during the first trimester of your pregnancy. Alcohol is a toxin that can cause damage to the unborn fetus.

Tobacco smoke contains chemicals that are harmful to both you and your baby.

You must avoid drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen and caffeine during the third trimester of your pregnancy.

You must avoid drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen and caffeine during the third trimester of your pregnancy. Aspirin is used to treat pain and fever. Ibuprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug that is used to relieve pain and inflammation in people with arthritis or muscle aches. Caffeine can be found in coffee, tea and cola drinks.

Avoid caffeine, alcohol and tobacco products during the first trimester of your pregnancy. These products may cause birth defects during this time period.

Don’t eat fish that contains mercury or other toxins during all three stages of your pregnancy; they could harm an unborn baby’s brain development

You must maintain a healthy lifestyle by exercising regularly, getting enough sleep and eating healthy food so that you can stay fit throughout the early stages of your pregnancy.

You must maintain a healthy lifestyle by exercising regularly, getting enough sleep and eating healthy food so that you can stay fit throughout the early stages of your pregnancy. Exercise is beneficial to both your physical and mental health. It helps in reducing stress and depression, which are common during this time. By engaging in some light exercises like yoga or walking for about 30 minutes every day can help you maintain good health throughout your pregnancy.

Getting enough sleep is extremely important for the growth of the fetus as well as yourself. According to research, lack of sleep can affect your memory which might result in forgetting important things such as taking medicines on time or eating healthy food etc., so make sure that you get at least 6-8 hours of quality sleep every night when pregnant.

Eating healthy foods is another essential factor while being pregnant because it provides all the essential nutrients required by both mother and baby during pregnancy period such as vitamins, minerals (calcium), proteins etc., besides these certain food items help boost up immunity system too so try consuming them more frequently than before! You can also consult with doctor before adding them into your diet plan because sometimes certain foods may lead negative impacts on health if taken excessively which could lead risk factors like preterm labouring due to high blood pressure levels caused by excessive sodium intake from salty snacks like potato chips/pizza etc., moreover if having any other medical condition then always consult with doctor prior to adding anything new into diet plan since he will provide appropriate suggestions based on current situation only!

If you want to ensure a healthy pregnancy, you need to practice proper personal care during the first few months of pregnancy.

If you want to ensure a healthy pregnancy, you need to practice proper personal care during the first few months of pregnancy.

In addition to eating well and exercising regularly, it is important that you maintain good hygiene habits during this time. You should also avoid toxins such as alcohol and tobacco because they have been linked with birth defects in babies.


A healthy pregnancy starts with a proper diet, regular exercise and adequate rest. You need to be sure that you are getting all the nutrients your body needs to keep you and your baby healthy. Remember, a healthy lifestyle is essential for both mother and child in order to ensure a healthy pregnancy.


Whatever you want to know about being pregnant, from early pregnancy signs to which prenatal vitamins you should take, you should find it here. We’re here to give you the essential guide and lots of free tools for having a healthy, happy baby.

In this section

We understand you want to do what’s best for you and your baby during your pregnancy. Here are our essential tips to help give your baby a great start to life:

Get early prenatal care

If you are planning to start a family, or have just found out that you are expecting, good prenatal care is essential for you and your baby. During your first visit, your doctor will be able to confirm your pregnancy and screen for certain medical conditions that could lead to complications.

Maintain a healthy diet

While it’s okay to occasionally give in to your cravings during pregnancy, it’s important to keep in mind that you typically only need an additional 300 calories per day. Make sure you are getting enough protein and calcium each day and avoid deli meats to prevent yourself from consuming bacteria that could harm your baby.

Take prenatal vitamins

Ask your doctor which prenatal vitamins are best for you and your baby, particularly how much folic acid and calcium you’ll need. Prenatal vitamins ensure you are giving your baby the important vitamins and nutrients it needs, like folic acid, iron, calcium and DHA. These vitamins play an important role in bone, vision and brain development.

Exercise regularly

Regular daily exercise increases your chance of having a vaginal delivery and helps you manage the common discomforts of pregnancy. Exercise can also aid in postpartum recovery. However, if you did not exercise regularly before becoming pregnant, check with your doctor before starting an exercise regimen.

Listen to your body

The first and third trimesters come with fatigue, which is your body’s way of telling you to take it easy. So, listen to your body and sit back with a good book or take a nap when you are feeling tired.

Eliminate alcohol and limit caffeine

It’s important to take good care of your body during pregnancy. We recommend you avoid alcohol, limit your caffeine intake and steer clear of any nonprescription drugs throughout your pregnancy. Indulging in alcohol can adversely affect your baby’s brain or spinal development, too much caffeine has been linked to a higher instance of miscarriage, and nonprescription drugs can lead to birth defects or behavioral problems.

Limit your exposure

If you work around chemicals or other substances known to cause birth defects, it’s important to take the necessary steps to protect your baby. It’s also important to use non-toxic household cleaning solutions throughout your pregnancy to limit your risk of exposure.

Visit your dentist

Hormonal shifts during pregnancy can leave you with an increased risk of gingivitis. Increased progesterone and estrogen levels interact with the bacteria in plaque, leading to swollen, tender or bleeding gums.

Wear sunscreen

Your skin is more susceptible to sunburn and chloasma (dark, blotchy spots on the face) when you are pregnant, so it’s important to apply a sunscreen that is at least SPF 30 or higher and avoid tanning beds.

Know when to call the doctor

If you have any of the following symptoms, the Center for Disease Control recommends contacting your doctor:

  • Vaginal bleeding or leaking of fluid
  • Contractions that are 20 minutes apart or less
  • Pain of any kind
  • Strong cramps
  • Heart palpitations
  • Dizziness or fainting
  • Decreased activity of the baby
  • Shortness of breath

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Things To Avoid in Early Pregnancy

The first trimester of pregnancy (the first three months) is when a fertilized egg divides rapidly into layers of cells and implants in the wall of the uterus. Those layers of cells become an embryo, and by six weeks, a heartbeat can be detected. By the end of the first trimester (the end of week 12) the baby’s bones, muscles, and organs have formed and it is now considered a fetus.

The baby grows fastest during the first trimester. By the end of the first trimester, the fetus can weigh about 0.5 to 1 ounce and measure an average of 3 to 4 inches in length.

The first trimester is also when pregnancy loss (miscarriage) can happen. This occurs in about 10% of pregnancies. 

Because of the rapidly developing baby as well as the risk of miscarriage, during the first trimester women are advised to avoid a number of activities and foods. 

  • Avoid smoking and e-cigarettes
    • A woman shouldn’t smoke at any time during her pregnancy so once a woman finds out she is pregnant she should talk to her doctor about ways to quit the habit
    • Babies born to mothers who smoke are at increased risk for birth defects 
    • E-cigarettes are also not safe during pregnancy because the nicotine can damage a developing baby’s brain and lungs
  • Avoid alcohol
    • There is no amount of alcohol that is considered safe to drink during pregnancy
    • Drinking during the first trimester can cause birth defects, lead to miscarriage and stillbirth, and cause behavioral and intellectual disabilities known as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs)
  • Avoid raw or undercooked meat and eggs
    • Raw or undercooked meat and eggs carry the risk of contracting listeriosis and toxoplasmosis, which can lead to serious and life-threatening illnesses, severe birth defects, and miscarriage
  • Avoid raw sprouts 
  • Avoid certain seafood
    • Mackerel and tilefish have a high mercury content
  • Avoid unpasteurized dairy products and unpasteurized juices
    • This includes soft cheeses such as feta, Brie, and goat cheese 
    • These may contain bacteria such as listeria
  • Avoid processed meats such as hot dogs and deli meats
    • These can also contain listeria 
    • They also contain nitrates and nitrites
  • Avoid too much caffeine
    • Some caffeine is ok: about 200 mg (2 cups of coffee)
    • Caffeine can cross the placenta and affect a baby’s heart rate
  • Avoid gaining too much weight
    • Pregnant women do not have to “eat for two” during the first trimester (women usually need more calories during the second and third trimesters, but not necessarily during the first)
    • Women who gain too much weight during pregnancy put their child at greater risk for obesity later in life 
  • Avoid saunas, hot tubs, whirlpools, and steam rooms
    • These places put a pregnant woman at risk of overheatingdehydration, and fainting 
    • A significant rise in the mother’s core temperature could affect her baby’s development, especially during the first trimester 
    • Some research has found that the risk of miscarriage may double if a pregnant woman uses one of these during the first trimester
  • Avoid massage and acupuncture 
    • These therapies are generally safe during pregnancy but a pregnant woman’s abdomen should not be massaged during the first trimester
    • Acupuncture as well is generally safe during pregnancy, but certain acupuncture points should be avoided 
    • Women seeking acupuncture should make sure the acupuncturist is trained in treating pregnant women
  • Avoid cleaning the cat’s litter box
    • A parasite found in feline waste called Toxoplasma gondii can cause miscarriage or stillbirth, or serious problems in babies born with the parasite
  • Avoid certain cleaning products
    • Check the labels of cleaning products to make sure there are no warnings for pregnant women
    • Some mothballs and toilet fresheners have a chemical called naphthalene that can damage blood cells
  • Avoid fake tans
    • These are generally safe for use during pregnancy, but they can cause an allergic reaction
    • Hormone levels during pregnancy make the skin more sensitive and can make a woman more prone to allergic reactions
    • Do not use tanning pills or tanning injections

What Care Should Take in First Month of Pregnancy

First Trimester


  • Start a Prenatal Vitamin.Begin taking a prenatal vitamin before you get pregnant. It can help protect your baby against birth defects.
  • Get a Pre-Conception Checkup.Before you conceive, see your doctor and discuss your plans. Ask what you can do to get ready for a healthy pregnancy and baby.
  • Get Regular Exercise.Getting regular, moderate-intensity exercise may actually increase your chances of getting pregnant. Try walking, bicycling, or gardening.
  • Is It OK to Drink Alcohol?It’s best to avoid drinking while you’re trying to conceive. That way you won’t expose your baby to alcohol before you know you’re pregnant.
  • Get a Flu Shot!It’s safe for you — and recommended. Being pregnant puts you at higher risk of serious flu complications. So get a flu shot to protect yourself and your baby.
  • When Should You See a Doctor?It’s never too soon! If you know you’re pregnant or think you might be, make an appointment. Early prenatal care protects your baby’s health.
  • Looking for an OB?Find a doctor you are comfortable with, so you’ll feel more confident and relaxed during your pregnancy. Learn how to find the right OB for you.
  • Start Prenatal Visits.Between weeks 4 and 28 of your pregnancy, you should see your doctor once a month. It’s a good chance to ask questions and follow your baby’s growth.
  • Skip Kitty Litter Duty.Contact with cat stool can cause pregnancy problems. Let someone else change the litter, or wear gloves and wash your hands well afterward.
  • Stay Away From Soft Cheese.Avoid cheese made from raw or unpasteurized milk. This includes most soft cheeses. They may carry organisms that can harm your baby.
  • Can’t Keep Anything Down?If you have severe morning sickness, you may need medical treatment. Call your doctor if you vomit almost every time you eat or can’t keep water down.
  • Who Will Deliver Your Baby?Still can’t decide between a midwife and doctor? Consider whether you want to give birth at a birth center or a hospital. That may help you choose.
  • Manage Morning Sickness.Ginger and vitamin B6 may help nausea or vomiting. First, get your doctor’s OK. Then ask how much to take and how often to take them.
  • Know What’s Safe to Take.Talk to your doctor before taking any prescription or OTC medicines, herbs, or supplements. Be especially careful during your first trimester.
  • Watch the Heat.high body temperature can harm your baby, especially in the first weeks of your pregnancy. Limit sauna and hot tub use to less than 10 minutes.
  • Exercise 150 Minutes a Week.With your doctor’s OK, do low-impact exercise like yogaswimming, or walking for a half-hour most days. Learn about safe exercising during pregnancy.
  • Should You “Eat for Two”?You don’t literally need to “eat for two.” You only need about 300 extra calories a day to meet your baby’s needs. Get them from nutrient-rich foods.
  • Is Your Bra Getting Tight?Buy a maternity or nursing bra for extra support and comfort. Choose a soft cup with a little “give” for tender nipples and fluctuating breast size.
  • Guess What? I’m Pregnant!Decide with your partner when to share the great news. Some women wait until after the first trimester, when the risk of miscarriage goes down.
  • Can’t Ever Get Enough Sleep?If chronic insomnia makes you drag through the day, ask your doctor if you can take a sleep aid. But don’t take any meds without your doctor’s OK.
  • Catch Some Daytime ZZZs.Try napping during the day when you can’t get enough sleep at night. Take one or two short naps (30-60 minutes) — just don’t snooze too close to bedtime.
  • Keep Dates With the Dentist.Dental checkups are even more important now. You’re at higher risk for gum disease, which can affect your baby’s health. Tell the dentist you’re pregnant.
  • Choose Something Comfortable.Tight clothes may cause back pain, swelling, varicose veins, and heartburn. And they’re uncomfortable! Loosen up. Your pregnant body will thank you.
  • Downsize to Avoid Heartburn.Try eating several small meals a day instead of three big ones. When your stomach is full, it may push more acids up the esophagus and cause heartburn.
  • Soothe Your Skin.Use a moisturizer to ease itchiness and keep your skin soft. But avoid products that claim to reduce stretch marks — some are not safe in pregnancy.

Signs Your Pregnancy is Going Well in The First Trimester

Those first three months of pregnancy — otherwise known as the first trimester — can be tough. All of a sudden, your body starts changing shape, and you’re feeling all types of sensations that are pretty out of the ordinary for you. As you start going through the pregnancy process, undoubtedly, you’ll be excited and nervous. It’s hard not to worry about some of the more unfamiliar symptoms. Thankfully, there are several signs your pregnancy is going well in the first trimester and everything is exactly as it should be.

The first trimester is defined as the time between the fertilization of the egg and the 13th week of your pregnancy. “It begins on the first day of your last menstrual period and continues until the last day of the 13th week,” board-certified OB/GYN Dr. Sherry Ross, M.D., tells Romper. You might not even look pregnant yet, but you’ll probably be feeling it. Your body is going through so many changes during this time, and it may be hard trying to figure out what is normal and what’s not, even if you’ve been pregnant before. “Many women delight in getting a positive pregnancy test after planning and trying to conceive,” OB-GYN Dr. Delisa Skeete Henry, M.D., tells Romper. “They are oftentimes blindsided by the not-so-pleasant first trimester, which can truly be miserable.” (Luckily, the first trimester symptoms tend to go away by around 12 or 14 weeks of pregnancy, Skeete Henry says, so try to hang in there.)

As you go through the process of making and growing a human, you’ll no doubt be very attuned to every little sensation and symptom. Here are twelve signs your pregnancy is going well in the first trimester to assure you everything is progressing according to plan.

One signs your pregnancy is going well in the first trimester is if you feel exhausted.
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You’ve Been Missing A Period

This one seems obvious, but it will probably be your most clear-cut sign of pregnancy along the way. “Missing a period is usually the first sign of a new pregnancy, although women with irregular periods may not initially recognize a missed period as pregnancy,” Ross explains. So, while this is a tell-tale sign for a lot of people, some won’t notice this indicator.


You Have Heartburn

There’s a host of symptoms you may experience during the first few weeks of pregnancy, and many symptoms can be explained by an increase in progesterone during the first trimester. According to Ross, experiencing things like stomach upset and heartburn is “normal and expected in the beginning of a new pregnancy as a result of normal hormonal changes and taking prenatal vitamins.”


Your Boobs Are Huge & In Pain

If you went to bed with a B cup and woke up with a C, don’t be surprised. Sore breasts are one of the earliest and most common signs of pregnancy and are caused by a surge in hormones.

“Progesterone increases during the first trimester, which makes your breasts exquisitely tender, achy, and sensitive.” says Skeete Henry. While symptoms should improve as you enter the second trimester, it might be time to go bra shopping. “Invest in some good-fitting sports bras,” says Skeete Henry. Keeping your girls supported can help assuage symptoms.

One sign your pregnancy is going well during the first trimester is constipation.


You’re Bloated & Develop “The Blump”

You’re not showing off a baby bump yet, but because of excess bloating, you’ve got “the blump.” Ugh. “Because of the pregnancy hormones, the bowels are slow to move, therefore you feel bloated and full especially by the end of the day,” says Skeete Henry. The excess pressure in your abdomen and uterus can also strain your “down there” muscles, causing you to pass gas like it’s your day job. It’s equal parts normal and mortifying.


You Feel Nauseated All Day Long

Morning sickness is one of the telltale signs your pregnancy is going well in the first trimester, although the term is a bit of a misnomer. While you might experience it in the a.m., for many people, pregnancy nausea is a 24/7 deal — and it can be totally miserable. “Some people are more sensitive to pregnancy hormones than others, whether that’s estrogen, which affects breast tenderness, or hCG levels, which control morning sickness,” Dr. Abigail Cutler, M.D., MPH, an OB-GYN at Yale-New Haven Hospital, tells Romper.

Until morning sickness subsides (typically after the first trimester), there are things you can do to ease the quease. “I recommend ginger tea or ginger candy,” says Skeete Henry. “Eating small meals throughout the day may help, too.” Even acupuncture can help relieve nausea.


You Have Frequent Headaches

Early pregnancy headaches can be triggered by many different things, but this onset of pain is often brought on by morning sickness. “Many patients have sporadic and intermittent nausea and vomiting with related relative dehydration, and that can also cause headaches,” Dr. Angela Bianco, an OB-GYN and maternal-fetal medicine specialist who specializes in high-risk pregnancies in the Mount Sinai Health system, previously told Romper.

One sign your pregnancy is going well during the first trimester is food cravings.
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You See Thick Vaginal Discharge

Thin, milky, white discharge, or leukorrhea, is a common pregnancy symptom. The discharge is caused by your body’s hormonal changes in early pregnancy. The increased blood flow to the pelvic area stimulates your body’s mucous membranes. “Pregnancy hormones increase the cervical mucus and increase vaginal discharge,” says Skeete Henry. “Normal discharge is typically pasty, clear to whitish in color, and odorless.”

You may need to wear a pad to protect your undies during your pregnancy (but not a tampon, since it isn’t really safe). If your vaginal discharge has a foul-smelling odor or is green or yellow in color, Skeete Henry says to tell your doctor.


You Are Peeing A Lot

Frequent urination, even in early pregnancy without the weight of a baby, is very normal. Your blood volume can increase fivefold during pregnancy,” explains Skeete Henry. “Since your kidneys are filtering lots more blood, this will create more urine, and therefore you will pee more.” While peeing all the time isn’t pleasant, it’s a natural part of pregnancy.


You Don’t Have Any Symptoms

When you spotted those two little lines on the pregnancy stick, you prepared yourself for the onslaught of symptoms that you imagined would occur. And then… nothing. Not to worry, though. “Sometimes no signs are the best sign,” certified nurse practitioner Emily Silver tells Romper. “You may feel great and that is OK, and it’s also a sign of a very healthy pregnancy.” Skeete Henry adds, “If everything is confirmed normal with the pregnancy, then consider yourself lucky!”

Your body is going through such a transformation in the first trimester, and the changes may feel really weird or simply uncomfortable. If you’re experiencing any of the above, it simply means your body and baby are doing what they need to do. Taking care of yourself and keeping an open line of communication with your healthcare provider will ensure that you stay on track for your second trimester, and eventually, your baby’s delivery.

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