How To Take Care Of A Pregnant Woman Brainly

When a woman is pregnant, she needs to take care of herself. During pregnancy, she needs to eat well and make sure she gets enough folic acid. She should avoid alcohol and tobacco.

Eat well. Eating well helps you stay healthy and helps your growing baby get the nutrients she needs to develop.

  • Eat a variety of foods. Eating a balanced diet is important for both you and your baby. Make sure to eat foods from all five food groups every day.
  • Eat enough calories, protein, calcium, iron and folic acid. If you are pregnant with more than one baby (multiples), increase your calorie intake by about 300 per day during the second and third trimesters (weeks 20-40).
  • Get vitamins D, C and E from food sources rather than supplements unless you have special medical needs such as anemia or diabetes.
  • Folate is found in leafy green vegetables such as spinach; legumes like lentils; and citrus fruits like oranges—so make sure these foods are included in your daily diet during pregnancy.

Make sure you get enough folic acid.

  • Folic acid is a B vitamin.
  • It’s essential to a baby’s development, especially the brain and spinal cord.
  • It can help prevent birth defects when taken before and early in pregnancy.

You’ll find folic acid in leafy greens, beans, fortified breads and cereals.

Take a prenatal vitamin containing folic acid every day as soon as you start trying to conceive.

You have to take a prenatal vitamin containing folic acid every day as soon as you start trying to conceive. Folic acid is important for the healthy development of the baby’s brain and spinal cord. It is found in leafy green vegetables, beans and peas, oranges and fortified foods such as breads or rice.

You should continue taking your prenatal supplement until you are about 12 weeks pregnant. You may also need to take other supplements if your health care provider recommends it based on your individual needs or diet (for example, calcium).

Avoid alcohol and tobacco.

Alcohol and tobacco are not good for you or your baby. Alcohol can cause birth defects, miscarriage, low birth weight and fetal alcohol syndrome.

It is important to avoid alcohol in pregnancy because it may lead to premature birth or stillbirth.

Learn about foods to avoid during pregnancy, such as raw fish and deli meats.

  • Avoid raw fish and deli meats. Pregnant women should avoid eating raw fish, including sushi and sashimi, because they may contain parasites that could harm the baby. Deli meats also carry risks of Listeria and other bacteria.
  • Avoid alcohol while pregnant. Drinking during pregnancy can lead to birth defects in your baby, even if you have only a small amount once or twice in a while. Beer and wine are probably fine during the first trimester, but it’s best to avoid them after that time period. If you do drink alcohol while pregnant, make sure to take folic acid (a B vitamin) beforehand so that it helps prevent certain birth defects from happening in your child’s brain development process as well as his or her heart formation process.* Smoking is bad for everyone’s health—including young children’s brains! But if you’re expecting a little bundle of joy soon, there’s another reason not to pick up those cigarettes: smoking during pregnancy increases your chance of having an early delivery (prelabor rupture) or miscarriage by more than 50%. Not only does smoking affect fetuses directly through reduced blood flow through umbilical cord vessels but also indirectly through impaired placenta function which leads to decreased oxygenation at critical times during gestation period due to carbon monoxide binding hemoglobin molecules.* Caffeine isn’t good for anyone—especially not newborns! A study by researchers from Columbia University found that babies whose mothers drank four cups per day had tremors less than those whose mothers didn’t consume any caffeine; moreover these babies were less likely (by almost 30%)

Taking care of pregnant women is essential!

Pregnancy is a time of great change for both the mother and the baby. The changes that occur in a woman’s body are more than just physical; they have an emotional, mental and social impact on her life too.

As a result, pregnant women need to eat a balanced diet, avoid alcohol and tobacco, take folic acid supplements where advised by their doctor (folic acid is important for the development of your baby’s nervous system), get regular prenatal care at least once each trimester from their doctors, etc.


It is important to take care of pregnant women because they are the foundation of a society. Without them, we would have no future generations.

Pregnancy care consists of prenatal (before birth) and postpartum (after birth) healthcare for expectant mothers.

It involves treatments and trainings to ensure a healthy prepregnancy, pregnancy, and labor and delivery for mom and baby.

Prenatal Care

Prenatal care helps decrease risks during pregnancy and increases the chance of a safe and healthy delivery. Regular prenatal visits can help your doctor monitor your pregnancy and identify any problems or complications before they become serious.

Babies born to mothers who lack prenatal care have triple the chance of being born at a low birth weight. Newborns with low birth weight are five times more likely to die than those whose mothers received prenatal care.

Prenatal care ideally starts at least three months before you begin trying to conceive. Some healthy habits to follow during this period include:

  • quitting smoking and drinking alcohol
  • taking folic acid supplements daily (400 to 800 micrograms)
  • talking to your doctor about your medical conditions, dietary supplements, and any over-the-counter or prescription drugs that you take
  • avoiding all contact with toxic substances and chemicals at home or work that could be harmful

During Pregnancy

Once you become pregnant, you’ll need to schedule regular healthcare appointments throughout each stage of your pregnancy.

A schedule of visits may involve seeing your doctor:

  • every month in the first six months you are pregnant
  • every two weeks in the seventh and eighth months you are pregnant
  • every week during your ninth month of pregnancy

During these visits, your doctor will check your health and the health of your baby.

Visits may include:

  • taking routine tests and screenings, such as a blood test to check for anemia, HIV, and your blood type
  • monitoring your blood pressure
  • measuring your weight gain
  • monitoring the baby’s growth and heart rate
  • talking about special diet and exercise

Later visits may also include checking the baby’s position and noting changes in your body as you prepare for birth.

Your doctor may also offer special classes at different stages of your pregnancy.

These classes will:

  • discuss what to expect when you are pregnant
  • prepare you for the birth
  • teach you basic skills for caring for your baby

If your pregnancy is considered high risk because of your age or health conditions, you may require more frequent visits and special care. You may also need to see a doctor who works with high-risk pregnancies.

Postpartum Care

While most attention to pregnancy care focuses on the nine months of pregnancy, postpartum care is important, too. The postpartum period lasts six to eight weeks, beginning right after the baby is born.

During this period, the mother goes through many physical and emotional changes while learning to care for her newborn. Postpartum care involves getting proper rest, nutrition, and vaginal care.

Getting Enough Rest

Rest is crucial for new mothers who need to rebuild their strength. To avoid getting too tired as a new mother, you may need to:

  • sleep when your baby sleeps
  • keep your bed near your baby’s crib to make night feedings easier
  • allow someone else to feed the baby with a bottle while you sleep

Eating Right

Getting proper nutrition in the postpartum period is crucial because of the changes your body goes through during pregnancy and labor.

The weight that you gained during pregnancy helps make sure you have enough nutrition for breast-feeding. However, you need to continue to eat a healthy diet after delivery.

Experts recommend that breast-feeding mothers eat when they feel hungry. Make a special effort to focus on eating when you are actually hungry — not just busy or tired.

  • avoid high-fat snacks
  • focus on eating low-fat foods that balance protein, carbohydrates, and fruits and vegetables
  • drink plenty of fluids

Vaginal Care

New mothers should make vaginal care an essential part of their postpartum care. You may experience:

  • vaginal soreness f you had a tear during delivery
  • urination problems like pain or a frequent urge to urinate
  • discharge, including small blood clots
  • contractions during the first few days after delivery

Schedule a checkup with your doctor about six weeks after delivery to discuss symptoms and receive proper treatment. You should abstain from sexual intercourse for four to six weeks after delivery so that your vagina has proper time to heal.

The Takeaway

It’s important to stay as healthy as possible during pregnancy and during the postpartum period. Stay on top of all of your healthcare appointments and follow your doctor’s instructions for the health and safety of you and your baby.

How To Take Care Of Yourself During Pregnancy

1. Eat healthy foods.

Eating healthy foods is especially important for pregnant women. Your baby needs nutrients to grow healthy and strong in the womb. Eat plenty of colorful fruits and vegetables, whole grains, calcium-rich foods and foods low in saturated fat.

2. Take a daily prenatal vitamin.

Taking a daily prenatal multivitamin can help ensure you get the right amount of the key nutrients you and your baby need during pregnancy. These include folic acid, iron and calcium.

3. Stay hydrated.

A pregnant woman’s body needs more water than it did before pregnancy. Aim for eight or more cups each day.

4. Go to your prenatal care checkups.

Women should get regular prenatal care from a health care provider. Moms who don’t get regular prenatal care are much more likely to have a baby with low birth weight or other complications. If available, consider group prenatal care.

5. Avoid certain foods.

There are certain foods that women should avoid eating while pregnant. Don’t eat:

  • Raw or rare meats
  • Liver, sushi, raw eggs (also in mayonnaise)
  • Soft cheeses (feta, brie)
  • Unpasteurized milk

Raw and unpasteurized animal products can cause food poisoning. Some fish, even when cooked, can be harmful to a growing baby because they’re high in mercury.

6. Don’t drink alcohol.

Don’t drink alcohol before and during pregnancy and while breastfeeding. Drinking alcohol increases the risk of having a baby with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). FASD can cause abnormal facial features, severe learning disabilities and behavioral issues.

Alcohol can impact a baby’s health in the earliest stages of pregnancy, before a woman may know she is pregnant. Therefore, women who may become pregnant also should not drink alcohol.

7. Don’t smoke.

Smoking is unhealthy for you and your unborn child. It increases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), premature birth, miscarriage and other poor outcomes.

8. Get moving.

Daily exercise or staying active in other ways can help you stay healthy during pregnancy. Check with your doctor to find out how much physical activity is right for you.

9. Get a flu shot.

The flu can make a pregnant woman very sick and increase risks of complications for your baby. The flu shot can protect you from serious illness and help protect your baby after birth, too. Ask your doctor about getting a flu shot.

10. Get plenty of sleep.

Ample sleep (7 to 9 hours) is important for you and your baby. Try to sleep on your left side to improve blood flow.

11. Reduce stress.

Reducing stress is crucial for improving birth outcomes. Pregnant women should avoid, as much as they can, stressful situations. Recruit your loved ones to help you manage stress in your life.

12. Plan the right time to get pregnant.

“If you are choosing to become pregnant at a time when you know that you’re at your healthiest, that increases your chances of having a healthy pregnancy and a healthy birth,” says Dr. Meadows.

This not only means that women should make sure that they are healthy before they become pregnant, but they also should consider their age before getting pregnant. Mothers who have children early in life (earlier than 16-years-old), or late in life (older than 40) are at greater risk for having a premature birth. Also, women who become pregnant again too soon (less than 18 months in between births) are even more likely to have a premature baby.

What Foods Are Recommended For Pregnant Woman

Eating a well-balanced and nutritious diet when pregnant is one of the more essential things you can do for your baby and yourself. The basic principles of what to eat when pregnant are quite similar to how we should be eating all the time. This includes focusing on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein and healthy fats. Of course, there are a few areas that you should pay close attention to when you’re pregnant and a few foods you should avoid. We consulted Renown Health’s Caitlin Bus, RD, LD, CDE to learn more about pregnancy nutrition.

Foods to Eat Regularly:


Vegetables of all kinds — and in all forms — are beneficial for you and your baby during pregnancy. Veggies ensure your body is getting the fiber, vitamins and minerals it needs. However, fresh or frozen veggies are considered best, but if you choose to eat canned veggies, make sure you choose a low sodium product. The more greens, the better! If you have an aversion to vegetables, especially in the first trimester, try sneaking them into smoothies.

Healthy Proteins

Protein-rich foods support your baby’s growth while giving your body the nutrients to build and repair tissues, including your muscles, hair, skin and nails. Although protein requirements vary from person to person, a pregnant woman needs additional protein for her baby’s growth, especially in the second and third trimesters. Regularly eating high protein foods — like fish, chicken, turkey, eggs, peanut butter, nuts and beans –– promotes your baby’s healthy brain and heart development. Grains Food like brown rice, quinoa, whole-wheat pasta and oatmeal are great to eat while pregnant. They are rich in fiber, iron, B vitamins and folic acid, which are all beneficial to physical development. Grains also help alleviate constipation and hemorrhoids.


Fruit can help satisfy any sugar cravings you have when pregnant while also supplying your baby with nutrients – it’s a win-win. Some people advise against fruit consumption while pregnant, but this is a myth. Like with all foods, moderation is key. Fruit can be high in sugar, so it is important to be aware of your intake. Also, make sure you are mindful of your preparation – thoroughly rinse produce under running water for 30 seconds to help avoid foodborne illness.

Pasteurized Dairy

Dairy products like milk, cheese and yogurt can be great sources of protein and calcium needed for the healthy development of a baby’s bones, teeth and muscles. These foods also help with ensuring healthy heart function and nerve transmission. When buying these products, make sure to choose pasteurized products to avoid exposing your body to germs and bacteria. The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology recommends 1,000mg of calcium per day for pregnant and lactating women. This equates to 4 servings of dairy or calcium-rich foods such as leafy greens, broccoli, tofu, almonds or dried figs.

DHA Omega-3 Fats

Omega-3s like DHA help support the health of a baby’s brain and parts of their eyes. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should eat at least 8 ounces and up to 12 ounces of seafood each week. Ideally, food sources that offer DHA omega-3 and that are lower in mercury should be emphasized in your diet, including fish like salmon, sardines and anchovies. If you do not eat fish or omega-3 fortified foods, a DHA omega-3 supplement is recommended.


Did you know that 92% of pregnant women fail to meet the daily choline recommendation? Choline is crucial for an infant’s brain and central nervous system development. One egg supplies 33% of the recommended daily intake. Although choline is often absent or low in prenatal vitamins, the best food sources include eggs, meats, fish, dairy, navy beans, Brussels sprouts, broccoli and spinach.

Iron and Folic Acid

Iron is the most common nutrient deficiency during pregnancy. Foods with high and moderate amounts of iron include red meat, chicken, fish, fortified cereals, spinach and beans. Folic acid is used to make the extra blood your body needs during pregnancy. Consuming adequate folic acid early in pregnancy reduces the risk of birth defects that affect the spinal cord. It is recommended to consume 400 micrograms (mcg) per day for pregnant women. This amount is included in your prenatal vitamins.


Staying hydrated is one of the best things you can do for yourself and your baby when pregnant. In addition to just being good for you, hydration alleviates morning sickness and nausea, while dehydration can lead to contractions and even pre-term labor. Aim for 10 cups of fluids per day, on top of the water naturally occurring in foods.

Foods to Avoid:

Raw Fish and Fish with High Mercury Content

Sorry sushi fans, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, pregnant women are 10 times more likely to get infected by Listeria, a bacteria found in raw or undercooked fish. Also, avoid fish often found to be high in mercury, including swordfish, king mackerel, tuna and marlin.

Processed or Raw Meat

Similar to eating raw fish, eating undercooked or raw meat increases your risk of infection while pregnant. Hot dogs and lunch meats should also be avoided, unless they have been reheated to be steaming hot (for example, in a microwave).


Drinking alcohol when pregnant can impact your baby’s brain development and increases your risk of premature birth, low birth weight or miscarriage. Just don’t do it!

Minimize Caffeine

High caffeine intake during pregnancy can restrict your baby’s growth; therefore, it is recommended that pregnant people limit their caffeine intake to less than 200 mg per day – that’s roughly two cups (16 fl oz) of coffee per day.

Runny Eggs

Eating raw or runny eggs when pregnant increases your risk of Salmonella, which can cause fever, nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps and diarrhea. Always make sure your eggs are cooked through or use pasteurized eggs.

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