What Can I Take For Covid When Pregnant

While pregnancy is a time when you are often in great health, it’s important to be careful of what medications you take. The medications that were deemed safe prior to your pregnancy may not be the same ones that you can take during your pregnancy. Though most over-the-counter medicines are considered safe during pregnancy, acetaminophen (Tylenol) and ibuprofen (Advil) should not be taken regularly without consulting your doctor first. In addition, most prescription medicines are also considered safe during pregnancy if they have been shown to have no side effects on a developing fetus. However, there are many medicines that should not be taken while pregnant because they could cause harm to the fetus or mother. These include codeine, which is an opiate painkiller; robinul (Robitussin), which is an antihistamine; and any medicine containing pseudoephedrine, which is a decongestant.

Talk to your doctor before taking any medications.

You should never take any medication without first talking to your doctor and asking if it’s safe for you to take.

Ask your doctor if there are alternatives to the medication that you can take instead.

Also, ask your doctor if there are any side effects you should be aware of before taking this drug.

Acetaminophen is an appropriate medication for treating the flu and its symptoms.

Acetaminophen is a good choice for treating the flu and its symptoms. This pain reliever is safe in recommended doses, and it’s safe to take during pregnancy—as long as you follow the dosing instructions on the label.

Acetaminophen may be used to treat muscle aches, fever and chills associated with the flu. Although it’s often combined with other medications in over-the-counter (OTC) products such as cold and flu remedies, there’s no research proving that these combinations are more effective than acetaminophen alone.

Ibuprofen is usually considered to be safe for most women during pregnancy.

Ibuprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that’s commonly used to treat pain and fever. In general, ibuprofen is considered safe for most women during pregnancy. However, it’s not recommended for women who have high blood pressure or kidney problems.

Ibuprofen can pass through the placenta and enter your baby’s bloodstream. There’s no evidence that this causes harm to your baby, but talk with your healthcare provider about taking ibuprofen during pregnancy before using it yourself.

Codeine can be used to alleviate severe pain, but you should talk with your doctor before taking it.

What can I take for my pain?

Codeine can be used to alleviate severe pain, but you should talk with your doctor before taking it. Codeine is a narcotic that is found in many over-the-counter cough syrups and other medications. If codeine has been prescribed by a doctor and you take it as directed by your health care provider, there are no problems associated with the medication during pregnancy.

It’s important to remember that medications taken for pain relief may affect how much milk you make after delivery, so discuss this with your doctor or midwife if you have concerns about breastfeeding after taking codeine.

Robitussin is considered to be safe during pregnancy if it’s taken as directed.

To be clear, Robitussin is considered to be safe during pregnancy if it’s taken as directed for short periods of time (no more than 2 days). However, it’s important to understand that any medication or supplement can have side effects in certain people. Therefore, if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding and plan on taking Robitussin to treat your cough and congestion symptoms, talk with your doctor first.

Medicines that are safe for you to take prior to your pregnancy may not be safe for you during your pregnancy. This is especially true for medicines that suppress your immune system or that have other side effects on the body.

Before you take any medication, make sure that it’s safe for both you and your baby. Do your research and talk to your doctor or midwife.

If you were taking a medicine before you became pregnant, it may still be safe for you to take during pregnancy if:

  • The medicine is normally used to treat a chronic condition (for example: diabetes)
  • There is no evidence that the medicine causes birth defects when taken by itself in early pregnancy (first trimester).

Conclusion

COVID-19 has spread rapidly across the globe, and there is still a lot of uncertainty around how it affects pregnant women and their babies. However, if you’re concerned about taking medication, it’s always a good idea to consult your doctor first. There are also many other ways you can help protect yourself from COVID-19, such as washing hands for at least 20 seconds with soap and water after using the bathroom or being in public places like restaurants or shopping centers.

What Are The Organs Most Affected By COVID‐19?

What are the organs most affected by COVID‐19?

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Coronavirus Infection: How Does It Affect Your Body?

A virus enters your body through healthy cells and infects them. The invader spreads throughout your body by making copies of itself. The virus predominantly enters the human body through the angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) and transmembrane serine protease 2 (TMPRSS2) receptors and nasal cavity cells of the respiratory system’s NT and then gradually moves towards the lung to initiate infection. 

Given the undeniable association between viral and bacterial strain co-infections and respiratory disease stringency, there is an urgent need to understand better how relations of SARS-CoV-2 with the host microbiome in the respiratory tracts associate with viral infections that enable co-infection. The coronavirus attaches itself to receptors on healthy cells, particularly those in your lungs, with its spike proteins. Once inside, the coronavirus seizes control of healthy cells while some of the healthy cells are eventually killed.

ORGAN DAMAGE CAUSED BY COVID-19

Even though COVID-19 is a disease that predominantly affects the lungs, it can also harm other body organs, such as the kidneys, brain and heart. Organ damage may result in long-term health problems post-COVID. Long-term breathing problems, heart complications, chronic kidney damage, stroke, and Guillain-Barre syndrome – a condition that causes temporary paralysis — are all possible long-term health impacts in some people. 

Post COVID-19, some adults and children develop the multisystem inflammatory syndrome. Some organs and tissues become significantly inflamed in this situation.

COVID-19 VARIANTS 

The many thousands of SARS-CoV-2 variants are grouped into either clades or lineages. At present, the specialist group convened by WHO has suggested the labelling of variants using Greek Alphabets, for instance, Alpha, Beta, Delta, and Gamma, as it will be more accessible and more practical to discuss by non-scientific audiences. As of December 2021, there are five dominant variants of SARS-CoV-2 spreading among global populations: 

  • The Alpha variant (B.1.1.7), also known as the UK variant
  • The Beta variant (B.1.351), also known as the South Africa variant 
  • The Gamma variant (P.1), also known as the Brazilian variant
  • The Delta variant (B.1.617.2), also known as the Indian variant
  • The Omicron variant (B.1.1.529)

In November 2021, the world health organisation (WHO) designated variant B.1.1.529, Omicron’s variant of concern. Omicron has several mutations that may impact how it behaves, for example, how easily it unfurls or the severity of illness it causes. However, individuals infected with the omicron variant indicate that the new covid-19 variant does not target lung tissue as aggressively as others. 

Human coronaviruses were first characterized in the 1960s and are responsible for a substantial proportion of upper respiratory tract infections in children. SARS-CoV, human coronavirus NL63 (HCoV-NL63) and HCoV-HKU1 were first described in 2003, 2004 and 2005, respectively. The Discovery of three new human coronaviruses does not represent a sudden increase in emerging infections by new coronaviruses. Only SARS-CoV has recently been introduced to the human population; the other two have been circulating in humans for a long time.

Before the COVID‑19 pandemic, an established body of knowledge existed about coronaviruses’ structure and function, causing diseases like severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). This knowledge accelerated the development of various covid-19 vaccination platforms. Several testing methods have been developed to diagnose the disease.

The standard diagnostic procedure is by detection of the virus’s nucleic acid by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR), transcription-mediated amplification (TMA), PCR test, or by reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) through nasopharyngeal swab.

The organs most impacted by COVID-19, both at the moment of infection and in terms of long-term effects, are listed below.

 1. Heart

Some of the other familiar COVID-19 symptoms include:

  • Palpitations, 
  • Fatigue and 
  • Chest pain

This is because COVID-19 also impacts the heart, and a lasting impact on the heart of the COVID-19 patient is widespread. The grouping of blood clots in the heart also poses risks of heart attacks or strokes. It can also cause problematic blockages in the heart in the long run. Therefore, patients of COVID-19 should consult a heart specialist, especially if they have any associated problems like cholesterol, diabetes, etc.

 2. Liver

COVID-19 frequently affects the liver of those who are infected with it. After individuals have recovered from COVID-19, there have been reports of increasing enzyme levels. It can potentially cause liver dysfunction. The most visible and widespread ailment resulting from this is digestive troubles. 

Not only can the coronavirus harm the liver, but so can the high doses of medication given to the patient throughout their treatment. This is why, if there are any underlying conditions, it is also a good idea to be cautious with medications and visit a doctor.

3. Lungs

COVID-19 is primarily a respiratory disease; therefore, it’s no surprise that it affects the lungs. Two of COVID-19’s most common symptoms are shortness of breath and chest pain. These are symptoms that COVID-19 people have even after the initial infection has subsided. 

This is due to the coronavirus’s damage to the lungs and other tissues, which puts respiratory health at risk. This cause is why it’s crucial to get sufficient rest while you’re sick with COVID-19 and after that so that your respiratory system can repair adequately.

Covid infizierten personen lungs

4. Brain

COVID-19, contrary to popular perception, can also influence the patient’s brain. This applies to mental health issues, which are formidable in and of themselves, and to other problems such as inflammation. This can lead to seizures in most threatening situations and other common and seemingly minor issues, including cognitive fog, dizziness, persistent headaches, and more. COVID-19 has a long-term effect of constant weariness, which can substantially impede everyday life functions.

WHAT ELSE DOES COVID-19 DO TO YOUR BODY?

Some people also have symptoms including:

  • Pinkeye
  • Rashes
  • Liver problems or damage
  • Heart problems
  • Kidney damage
  • Dangerous blood clots, including in their legs, lungs, and arteries.
  • Some clumps may cause a stroke.  

Table 1: List of body parts affected by COVID-19 and its harmful effects

Body organs/partsDamage/ConsequencesActs on/ Type of cell affected
Gut MicrobiotaGut dysbiosisDecrease probiotic microorganisms
Inflammation and diarrhoeaThe small intestine, enterocytes, colon
KidneyAcute Kidney Injury (AKI)Podocytes and proximally straight tubular cells
Rhabdomyolysis,hypoxemia,and coagulopathyGlomerular cells, tubular epithelium, and podocytes
LiverIrregular liver functionCells of the bile duct
HeartMicrovascular disordersPericytes
MyocarditisMyocardium
Acute Coronary SyndromeEndothelial cells
LungsAlveolar damage, hypoxemiaAlveolar cell
Acute Respiratory Distress SyndromeHyper fusion of alveolar cells
BrainCerebral haemorrhageACE-2 receptor affected due to amplified blood pressure
EncephalitisNeuronal destruction and nerve tissue lesions
Puzzlement, loss of awareness, comaCerebral capillary endothelial cells

IMMUNE RESPONSE

According to researchers, the virus could connect a weak immune response beyond the respiratory tract to less efficient virus clearance in organs outside the pulmonary system. Some researchers have claimed that patients who died more than a month after symptom onset had SARS-CoV-2 RNA in their brains. 

Focusing on different parts of the brain can help understand neurocognitive impairment, also known as “brain fog,” and other neuropsychiatric manifestations of long-term COVID. SARS-CoV-2 should be regarded as a systemic virus that can be clear in some persons but can remain for weeks or months in others, resulting in protracted COVID, a complicated systemic disease.

CONCLUSION 

ACE-2 has several activities in COVID-19 pathophysiology that directly impact illness therapy and outcome. Microbiota dysbiosis and weakened intestinal blood vessels are significantly associated with the development of atherosclerosis and an increased risk of death in individuals with CVDs, obesity, diabetes, or chronic renal illnesses. Furthermore, Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) may cause gut dysbiosis in COVID-19 patients. 

As a result, COVID-19 patients should get a neurological checkup as soon as possible, especially if they have symptoms such as cerebrovascular infections, consciousness, or paresthesia. However, there is no specific treatment for coronavirus SARS CoV-2 infections. As a result, primary intensive care is required to recognise vital indications, maintain blood pressure and oxygen levels, and treat and manage various consequences such as secondary infections and organ failure.

What Can I Do To Cope With The Effects Of COVID-19 Quarantine?

As new COVID-19 cases continue to emerge in the WHO European Region, many healthy individuals are being requested to stay at home in self-quarantine. In some countries, fitness centres and other locations where individuals are normally active, will remain temporarily closed. Staying at home for prolonged periods of time can pose a significant challenge for remaining physically active. Sedentary behaviour and low levels of physical activity can have negative effects on the health, well-being and quality of life of individuals. Self-quarantine can also cause additional stress and challenge the mental health of citizens. Physical activity and relaxation techniques can be valuable tools to help you remain calm and continue to protect your health during this time.

WHO recommends 150 minutes of moderate-intensity or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity physical activity per week, or a combination of both. These recommendations can still be achieved even at home, with no special equipment and with limited space. The following are some tips on how to stay active and reduce sedentary behaviour while at home in self-quarantine:

Take short active breaks during the day. Short bouts of physical activity add up to the weekly recommendations. You may use the suggested exercises below as inspiration to be active every day. Dancing, playing with children, and performing domestic chores such as cleaning and gardening are other means to stay active at home.

Follow an online exercise class. Take advantage of the wealth of online exercise classes. Many of these are free and can be found on YouTube. If you have no experience performing these exercises, be cautious and aware of your own limitations.

Walk. Even in small spaces, walking around or walking on the spot, can help you remain active. If you have a call, stand or walk around your home while you speak, instead of sitting down. If you decide to go outside to walk or exercise, be sure to maintain at least a 1-meter distance from other people.

Stand up. Reduce your sedentary time by standing up whenever possible. Ideally, aim to interrupt sitting and reclining time every 30 minutes. Consider setting up a standing desk by using a high table or stacking a pile of books or other materials, to continue working while standing. During sedentary leisure time prioritize cognitively stimulating activities, such as reading, board games, and puzzles.

Relax. Meditation and deep breaths can help you remain calm. A few examples of relaxation techniques are available below for inspiration.

For optimal health, it is also important to remember to eat healthily and stay hydrated. WHO recommends drinking water instead of sugar-sweetened beverages. Limit or avoid alcoholic beverages for adults and strictly avoid these in young people, and pregnant and breastfeeding women, or for other health reasons. Ensure plenty of fruits and vegetables, and limit the intake of salt, sugar and fat. Prefer whole grains rather than refined foods. For more guidance on how to eat healthily during self-quarantine, please see the Food and nutrition tips during self-quarantine, prepared by WHO/Europe.

Food and nutrition tips during self-quarantine

Examples of home-based exercises

To support individuals in staying physically active while at home, WHO/Europe has prepared a set of examples of home-based exercises.

Knee to elbow

Touch one knee with the opposite elbow, alternating sides. Find your own pace. Try to perform this for 1–2 minutes, rest for 30–60 seconds, and repeat up to 5 times. This exercise should increase your heart and breathing rates.

Plank

Support your forearms firmly on the ground, with the elbows under the shoulders. Keep the hips at the level of the head. Hold for 20–30 seconds (or more, if possible), rest for 30–60 seconds, and repeat up to 5 times. This exercise strengthens your belly, arms and legs.

Back extensions

Touch your ears with your fingertips and lift your upper body, keeping the legs on the ground. Lower the upper body again. Perform this exercise 10–15 times (or more), rest for 30–60 seconds, and repeat up to 5 times. This exercise strengthens your back muscles.

Place your feet at hip distance with the toes pointing slightly outwards. Bend the knees as much as feels comfortable, keeping the heels on the ground and the knees over (not in front of) the feet. Bend and stretch the legs. Perform this exercise 10–15 times (or more), rest for 30–60 seconds, and repeat up to 5 times. This exercise strengthens your legs and glutes. 

Side knee lifts

Touch your knee with your elbow, lifting the knee to the side, alternating sides. Find your own pace. Try to perform this for 1–2 minutes, rest for 30–60 seconds, and repeat up to 5 times. This exercise should increase your heart and breathing rates.

Superman

Place your hands under your shoulders and knees under your hips. Lift one arm forward and the opposite leg back, alternating sides. Perform this exercise 20–30 times (or more), rest for 30–60 seconds, and repeat up to 5 times. This exercise strengthens your belly, glutes and back muscles.

Bridge

Plant your feet firmly on the ground with the knees over the heels. Lift the hips as much as it feels comfortable and slowly lower them again. Perform this exercise 10–15 times (or more), rest for 30–60 seconds, and repeat up to 5 times. This exercise strengthens your glutes.

Chair dips

Hold onto the seat of a chair, with your feet about half a meter away from the chair. Bend your arms as you lower your hips to the ground, then straighten the arms. Perform this exercise 10–15 times (or more), rest for 30–60 seconds, and repeat up to 5 times. This exercise strengthens your triceps.

Chest opener

Interlace your fingers behind your back. Stretch your arms and open your chest forward. Hold this position for 20–30 seconds (or more). This position stretches your chest and shoulders.

Child’s pose

With the knees on the ground, bring your hips to your heels. Rest your belly on your thighs and actively stretch your arms forward. Breathe normally. Hold this position for 20–30 seconds (or more). This position stretches your back, shoulders and sides of the body.

Sit comfortably on the floor with your legs crossed (alternatively, sit on a chair). Make sure your back is straight. Close your eyes, relax your body and progressively deepen your breathing. Concentrate on your breath, trying not to focus on any thoughts or concerns. Remain in this position for 5–10 minutes or more, to relax and clear your mind.

Legs up the wall

Bring your hips close (5–10 cm) to the wall and let your legs rest. Close your eyes, relax your body and progressively deepen your breathing. Concentrate on your breath, trying not to focus on any thought or concern. Rest in this pose for up to 5 minutes. This position is meant to be comfortable, relaxing and de-stressing.

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